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Tour Highlighted :.Islamabad – Taxila Museum, Ruins, Jaulian Buddhist Monastery, Dharmarajika Stupa-Sirkap-Mohra Muradu

Tour Plan Itinerary: Day Tour Islamabad Taxila Buddhist Civilization Details

One Day Tour :Pick Up From Islamabad  and drive to Taxila on reached Visit Taxila Museum and explore Taxila Hertiage site  The Ghandhara Civiization lasted from the 1st millennium B.C. to the 11th century A.D. Gandhara was first mentioned in the Rig-Veda, as Taxila remained the hold of Aryans and Mahabharata (epic book) was for the first time recited here. Persian ruler “Cyrus the Great” extended his rule to Ghandhara  (558-530 B.C.) and introduced coin currency and iron technology. Taxila university was founded. Alexander conquered Gandhara in 723 B.C., and his rule lasted for 25 years.

Chandragupta of the Mauryan Dynasty ascended the throne of Gandhara in 321 B.C., introduced Buddhism in Gandhara, and built the first Buddhist Monastery, Dharmarajika, at Taxila. Greeks had a brief entry in Ghandhara (185- 97 B.C.). Kushan Rule (128-151- Central Asians) is called the golden era because the Ghandhara art and artifacts flourished.

The city of Peshawar and Taxila were also built during that era. White Huns invaded in AD 450, and Hinduism was revived. In 568, Sassanid, helped by Central Asians, captured Gandhara, and the Muslim Arabs finally defeated Sassanids in AD 644. Turkshahi and Hindushahi ruled from AD 650 – 1021). Jayapala of the Hindushahi Dynasty was the last king of Gandhara, who was defeated by Subuktigin and later by Mehmud Ghaznavi. That was the end of the Gandhara civilization.

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