14 Day Experience Indus Civilization Ghandhara Pakistan Tour
14 Days Karachi Moenjo Daro, Lahore, Islamabad, Peshawar, Gilgit & Hunza Tour
Meet upon arrival at Karachi Quid E Azam International airport Transfer to hotel. Afternoon Sightseeing tour of Karachi Visit Jinnah Mausoleum Defense Mosque, Clifton Beach, Mohata Palace, and Bohri Bazaar Overnight at Hotel
Breakfast at Hotel. Morning Full day tour of Thatta. Visit Chaukundi, Banbhore, Makli & Shahjehan mosque, Afternoon Continue to Hyderabad (Visit the Nara canal and traces of the lower rivers enroute) Dinner & Overnight in Hyderabad.
Drive to Larkana via Bhit Shah & Kot DG. Overnight at Asia Hotel.
Tour of Mohen Jo Daro and Larkana afternoon drive to Sukkur take train to Lahore Overnight at train.
Arrival at Lahore Breakfast at Hotel. Afternoon tour of Lahore Visit Lahore Museum in detail, Delhi gate Bazaar, Wazir Khan Mosque, and Anarkali mosque. Overnight at Hotel
Drive to Islamabad enroute visit Rohtas fort overnight at hotel in Islamabad
Breakfast at hotel. Drive to Besham via Taxila Visit Julian & Sirkap archeological sites and the site museum On arrival at Besham transfer PTDC Motel Besham. Overnight at Hotel
Breakfast at hotel. Leave for Gilgit driving along the Karakorum Highway. Stop at several photogenic spots and Shatial Rock drawing from 4th to 8th century. On arrival transfer to Hotel. Overnight at Hotel.
Breakfast at hotel. After a short tour of Gilgit Drive to Hunza on arrival transfer to Baltit Inn Hotel. Evening walk through the bazaar of Hunza and visit Altit Fort Overnight at Hotel .
Breakfast at hotel. Morning Excursion to Nagar Village Afternoon free Overnight at Hotel.
Breakfast at hotel. Drive to Chilas Visiting different villages on the way Overnight at Hotel.
Breakfast at Hotel. Drive to Swat via Shangla pass. Arrive Hotel Serena Swat late in the evening Overnight at Hotel.
Morning tour of swat Visit museum, & Butkara archeological site afternoon drive to Islamabad Overnight at hotel.
Breakfast at Hotel. Transfer to airport for flight to your next destination.
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Indus Civilization This land also witnessed the glorious era of Indus civilization about 8000 years B.C when the first village was found at Mehargarh in the Sibi District of Balochistan comparable with the earliest villages of Jericho in Palestine and Jarmo in Iraq. Here, during the last decade i.e., 1980’s, the French and Pakistani archaeologists have excavated mud built houses of the Mehargarh people and their agricultural land known for the cultivation of maize and wheat, together with polished stone tools, beads and other ornaments, painted jars and bowls, drinking glasses, dishes and plates. Site of Moenjodaro The archaeologists believe that by 7000 B.C., the Mehargarh people learnt to use the metal for the first time.
From the first revolution of agricultural life the man moved to another great revolution in his social, cultural and economic life. He established trade relations with the people of Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Iran and the Arab world. He not only specialized in painting different designs of pottery, made varieties of pots and used cotton and wool but also made terracotta figurines and imported precious stones from Afghanistan and Central Asia. This early bronze age Culture spread out in the countryside of Sindh, Balochistan, Punjab and North West Frontier Province of Pakistan. Indus Art Gallery Priest King of Moenjodaro Indus Art Gallery This early beginning led to the concentration of population into the small towns, such as Kot Diji in Sindh and Rahman Dheri in Dera Ismail Khan district. It is this social and cultural exchange that led to the rise of the famous cities of Moenjodaro and Harappa, with largest concentration of population including artisans, craftsmen, businessmen and rulers.This culminated in the peak of the Indus Civilization which was primarily based on intensively irrigated agricultural land and overseas trade and contact with Iran, Gulf States, Mesopotamia and Egypt. Dames were built for storing river water, land was cultivated by means of bullock-harnessed plough - a system which still prevails in Pakistan, granaries for food storage were built, furnace was used for controlling temperature for
making red pottery and various kinds of ornaments, beads of carnelian, agate, and terracotta were pierced through and above all they traded their finished goods with Central Asia and Arab world. It is these trade dividends that enriched the urban populace who developed a new sense of moral honesty, discipline and cleanliness combined with a social stratification in which the priests and the mercantile class dominated the society. The picture of high civilization can be gathered only by looking at the city of Moenjodaro, the First Planned City in the World, in which the streets are aligned straight, parallel to each other with cross streets cutting at right angles. It is through these wide streets that wheeled carriages, drawn by bulls or asses, moved about, carrying well-adorned persons seated on them appreciating the closely aligned houses made of pucca-bricks, all running straight along the streets. And then through the middle of the streets ran stone dressed drains covered with stone slabs - a practice of keeping the streets clean from polluted water, seen for the first time in the world.
Pakistan is the land which attracted Alexander the great from Macedonia in 326 B.C., with whom the influence of Greek culture came to this part of the world. During the 2nd century B.C., it was here that Buddhism was adopted as the state religion which flourished and prevailed here for over 1000 years, starting from 2nd century B.C., until 10th century A.D. During this time Taxila, Swat and Charsaddah (old Pushkalavati) became three important centres for culture, trade and learning. Hundreds of monasteries and stupas were built together with Greek and Kushan towns such as Sirkap and Sirsukh both in Taxila. It was from these centres that a unique art of sculpture originated which is known as Gandhara Art all over the world. Today the Gandhara Sculptures occupy a prominent place in the museums of England, France, Germany, USA, Japan, Korea, China, India and Afghanistan together with many private collections world over, as well as in the museums of Pakistan. Nevertheless, the zenith of this Gandhara Art is one and only "Fasting Buddha" now on display in Lahore Museum, Lahore.
Finally, the light of Islam penetrated in this part of the world as early as 7th century AD. from the west with the Arabs and during the 10th century AD from the north with the Turks. Islam replaced the early way of life of worshipping idols and introduced new philosophy of faith in one God. With Islam in came a new culture in this land from Arabia and Central Asia. Hence, a new type of architecture, hitherto unknown in this area, was introduced. Tens of thousands of Mosques, Madrassahs, tombs and gardens were created by the Muslim rulers all over the Sub-Continent. The new style of Islamic architecture prevailed and matured in this land for over a thousand years. The most important contribution of the Muslim rulers to this land, however, is a new language ‘Urdu’ which became the national language of Pakistan since its independence in 1947.
Cultural Heritage Of Pakistan
The land where the Islamic Republic of Pakistan is situated today had been a seat of world’s leading Civilizations from the time immemorial. There is plenty of evidence from the pre-historic and historic period to support this argument, e.g. fossil jaws of apes, circa 14 millions years old found from Pothohar. They belong to a species named “Sivapithecus Pakininsis”, said to be the ancestor of Man. A 2 million years old earliest stone hand axe. Now on display in Islamabad Museum, Islamabad.
The legacy of our predecessors at the time of our independence, on August 14, 1947, came to us as a treasure which may be called as Pakistan’s national heritage. So rich and diversified is this heritage that Pakistani nation can be proud of its glorious past, be Islamic, Post Islamic or pre-Islamic period as far back as pre-historic times. No other country of the world can produce the treasure of by gone days as can be found in Pakistan. It is now incumbent upon us to treasure our national heritage and save it from further deterioration and theft.
The establishment of NFCH is much appreciated and a great interest is shown by the general public hence since its establishment in 1994 hundreds of proposals were received from different agencies and individuals for the conservation, preservation and publication of the Pakistan’s national heritage. It is hoped that with the continued patronage of the government, the Philanthropists and the Business Community to the NFCH we shall be able to achieve the aforesaid goal.
The Cultural Heritage of Pakistan is spread over the centuries, starting from pre-historic times to the present day and which may be summarized in the following periods:
- Indus Civilization:
- Gandhara Civilization:
- Islamic Period:
- Sikh Period:
- British Period:
- Post independence Period